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To: Any and All UCA Students Desiring To Pursue An Internship With The News 4 Storm Team.

From: Damon C. Poole, II - News 4 Storm Team Intern, Spring Semester 2000.

Regarding - Helpful information for potential interns:

So, you think you want to try your hand at interning in a TV Weather Department. Cool! If you apply and are accepted, you are in for one of the most exciting and fun internship opportunities there is in local broadcasting. If you are honestly interested in trying to outguess mother nature, working with top of the line weather equipment, and, helping local Broadcast Meteorologists do their job, in a laid-back atmosphere (no pun intended), then, this type of internship is for you.

By this time, you might be wondering what classes you need to take in order to be successful. In addition to the Mass Communications requirements for gaining entry into the internship class, (SPTA 1310, MCOM 1300, 1334, 1362, 1363 AND 2366), I also recommend taking as many Geography classes as possible to help build your scientific background.

In broadcast meteorology, a broad background in meteorology, or closely related earth sciences is extremely desirable. Although not required for the actual weather internship at Channel 4, if you want to pursue employment in the Broadcast Meteorology field, such a scientific background is imperitive, and my 39 hour Geography Minor has proven very helpful during the internship. One thing I found out from both Ned Perme and Barry Brandt, is that KATV Channel 7 requires its weather interns to have at least a year of meteorology completed before they even talk to you. So, if you want to try a weather internship, try Channel 4, because they will give you a chance if youíve got an interest, with or without a weather background.

Helpful UCA Geography classes I have taken are as follows; these make up 30 of my 39 minor hours. Descriptions are from UCA Geography Course Descriptions Website. At UCA, the second number tells how many hours credit the class is worth.

1315 INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY: Required for majors and minors in geography, majors in environmental science, and minors in geographic information science. In a lecture and discussion format, this course is a topical assessment of the spatial diversity of the natural environment, including landforms, weather and climate, soils, vegetation, and water, along with their significance in terms of human occupation of the earth. 3 hours credit.

2345 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION TECHNIQUES: A lower-division elective. The course, via lectures, class discussions, and laboratory exercises, enhances students' knowledge and understanding of geography, geographic information, and the various techniques geographers employ as they collect, store, manage, analyze, and display geographic data or information. 3 hours credit.

2375 CARTOGRAPHY: Required of geography majors and minors and those students minoring in geographic information science. Cartography today revolves around the study of the theory, science, and technology behind the production of maps and spatial databases. This computer lab-oriented, exercised-based course instructs students on cartograhic design and convention, the construction of reference and thematic maps using mapping software, and the collection and classification of geographic data for mapping. 3 hours credit.

3333 GEOGRAPHY OF NATURAL HAZARDS: An upper-division elective. This course uses a lecture and discussion format in identifying geomorphic and atmospheric phenomena (e.g., floods, tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes) that represent real hazards to the population. Human responses to the various natural hazards are assessed and common adjustments identified. 3 hours credit.

3351 WEATHER AND CLIMATE: An upper-division elective. This course uses a lecture and discussion format in the identification and assessment of atmospheric processes. Weather variables are investigated, the components and procedures of the daily weather forecasts are described, and the world's climates analyzed. 3 hours credit.

3361 GEOGRAPHY OF LANDFORMS: An upper-division elective. Using a lecture and laboratory format, this course examines the landforms of the earth's surface including those resulting from diastrophism, volcanism, plate tectonics, weathering, mass movement, running water, karst, glacial ice, periglacial environments, wind, and breaking waves. 3 hours credit.

3380 GEOGRAPHY OF ARKANSAS: An upper-division elective. The course, through lectures and class discussions, examines the physical and human geography of the state of Arkansas. Topics include landforms, weather, climate, settlement, poverty, politics, agriculture, and lumbering, among others. 3 hours credit.

4304 WATER RESOURCES: An upper-division elective. This course uses a lecture and discussion format to provide detail on the occurrence, distribution, and movement of water on and beneath the earth's surface and the integration of water into human activities, e.g., flooding, drainage, irrigation, power, navigation, water supplies, and water pollution. 3 hours credit.

4308 OCEANOGRAPHY: An upper-division elective. Employing a lecture /discussion /visual presentations format, this course is an introduction to oceanic environments, distribution, ocean basin topography, physical and biological characteristics, marine climate, currents, ecology, and politics. Emphasis is on the oceanic physical environment and natural resources. 3 hours credit.

4330 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION ANALYSIS: An upper-division elective and a requirement for geographic information science minors. This is an advanced-level course in GIS. It provides an understanding of analysis in GIS environment, knowledge of GIS design and implementation, an insight into spatial variability and geostatistics, and an experience in error propagation analysis within GIS. Emphasis of lectures and practical lab exercises is placed on problem-solving GIS techniques such as layering, networking, buffering, and querying. Environmental modeling and decision support system creation in real-life research projects executed by students is also an objective of this course. 3 hours credit. Total Weather Related Geography Credit is 30 hours.

I also took 23 hours in Physical Science Electives In Astronomy, Earth Science, Geology, & Oceanography, at Garland County Community College-National Park Community College: Descriptions are from GCCC/NPCC Catalogues. The last number in each class title tells how many credit hours the class was worth.

ESCI 1104 EARTH SCIENCE: - Provides the student with a survey of the earth, including concepts from geology, astronomy, meteorology, plate tectonics, and physical geography. 4 hours credit.

ESCI 2254 OCEANOGRAPHY: - Provides the student with a broad survey of the ocean sciences, fundamental concepts of the biological, chemical, geological, and physical processes of the sea and air-sea interactions. 4 hours credit

ESCI 1153 ASTRONOMY: - This course introduces the student to the concepts of the Solar System, Stars, Galaxies, Clusters, the Universe and Cosmology, as well as the physics, chemistry, and biology by which these operate. 3 hours credit.

GEOL 1104 PHYSICAL GEOLOGY: - Introduces the student to the field of physical geology in general, such as the geologic environment, geologic processes shaping the surface of the earth, plate tectonics, crust, and the interior of the earth. 4 hours credit.

GEOL 1114 HISTORICAL GEOLOGY: - Interpretation of the earthís history, origin of the earth, evolutions of the continents and oceans, geologic time, and evolution of life. Fossils, rocks, and geologic maps are studied in the laboratory. 4 hours credit.

GEOL 1504 ARKANSAS GEOLOGY: - This course includes a brief study of physical and historical geology concepts with the main emphasis of the course on the physical and historical geological aspects of the six physiographic divisions of Arkansas. Those divisions are Ozark Plateau/ Arkansas Valley, Ouachita Mountains, Gulf Coast, Mississippi Embayment, Crowleyís Ridge, and the New Madrid Fault zone. 4 hours credit. Total elective credit 23 hours.

Also, it would be helpful if you have a good background in computer or information sciences.

Other ways to build skills in meteorology might include taking a National Weather Service Skywarn Storm Spotter course. Also, check with KCON and KUCA to see if you might be able to do some on-air news or weather duties. Also, donít forget Channel Six with NewsSix and UCA Today for TV news experience. Working in radio is also an excellent way to get familiar with National Weather Service wire products. Finally, if you are able to, join a professional meteorological organization such as the National Weather Association, or the American Meteorological Society. Also, there is a joint chapter of both organizations that meets monthly at the National Weather Service in North Little Rock. For more local chapter information, see the Arkansas Chapter of the American Meteorological Society and the National Weather Association website.

There are several types of experience that I gained through this internship. First, I gained experience with Baron Fastrac & VIPIR doppler weather radar software. This involved the use of an actual 350,000 watt Baron Doppler Radar..(4-Warn Live), with NWS Nexrad Doppler Weather Radar integrated through the VIPIR system. Additionally, the second type of experience I have gained is that of being taped in front of a chromakey giving a practice round of weathercasts. The first time I did this, it was nerve-racking, but once I got used to it, and my nervousness subsided it was quite fun. Not only will I have a demo tape for job purposes, but also valuable experience at something I had never done before. The Following is that single weathercast demo tape:

Above: This is my demo weathercast at the Channel 4 Weather Wall, when KARK-TV was located in the Former Bank Vault @ 3rd & Louisiana, in Little Rock, Arkansas. It was taped on Friday, April 14, 2000, at 7 p.m. I did this as part of a Weather Internship, just a few weeks before I graduated from UCA. The weathercast did not air. You can hear all the um's and uh's, as this is a totally unscripted demo weathercast. This was simply me ad-libbing with Meteorologist Michelle Leigh's graphics.

So, what is my overall evaluation of the News 4 Weather Department, and the internship experience? Very positive and extremely valuable! I honestly canít say enough positive things about it. To simply say itís been a blast just doesnít begin to fully describe it. I have been putting my skills to work doing things I have always enjoyed, and working with people who genuinely are as friendly and personable as they seem to be on camera. Meteorologists Michelle Leigh, and, John Champion, have both been excellent mentors and co-workers, and have taught me quite a lot that I can use in my career.

In closing, whatever career path or internship you choose, my best advice to you is to begin to build your skills up in class as early as you can, and show the professional sponsors what youíre made of. If you do this, and show an honest interest in what youíre doing, theyíll bend over backwards to try to help you. Not only will you have a positive experience, youíll have a blast doing it. Thatís as important as getting college credit, or pay in any internship. Thanks for reading this, and best of luck at whatever you decide to do.


Damon Poole

Broadcast Meteorology From An Internís View A Reflective Report By Damon Poole

During the past 16 weeks I have had the great pleasure of working as a weather intern with the KARK-TV News 4 Storm Team. The entire staff has been absolutely wonderful in being open and supportive. Like any other actual job, there are daily ups and downs, but I am pleased to say that my experience at Channel 4 has been an extremely positive and very highly beneficial one. Working with, and shadowing meteorologists Michelle Leigh, and John Champion, on a twice weekly basis has been an absolute blast!

Meteorology has long been a passion of mine, and having the chance to meet and work with these two professionals has been nothing but an enhancement to my learning experience. A typical day would begin around 1:30 or 2:00 p.m. and end around 5:30 or 6:00 p.m., sometimes later, especially during severe weather. Mostly my job has been consisted of shadowing and observing, but I also tried to help when and where I could, and was asked to. This type of laid-back atmosphere made the experience fun. Normally, I would start by checking to see what Michelle or John are doing, and where they need help the most. Usually, when I have been called upon to help, it would involve gathering and analyzing weather data.

A typical weathercast starts by pulling up the latest charts from the National Weather Service's Weather Prediction Center (WPC) either from their internet site, or from a machine called Metline. The maps, called progs, show the positions of fronts, highs, lows, precipitation, etc. The major features of the maps for this evening, and tomorrow night, at the same time, are drawn on a paper worksheet. From there, Michelle or John would take my drawings on the worksheet, and redraw them on a machine called genesis, which in turn, prepares the weather graphics presentation used on the air.

Another source of information we used, is the numerical model output statistics or MOS, from computer models. The three main models we used most frequently are the North American Mesoscale (NAM) Model , the Aviation Model (MAV), (both of which project out to 72 hours in advance), and the Global Forecast System Extended (GFS-MEX), which projects out to seven days. From this output, came the daily high and low temperature forecasts, and precipitation probability forecasts for Little Rock. These numbers are compared with the National Weather Service (NWS) Zone Forecasts, and Area Forecast Discussion, then adjusted by the weathercaster to come up with the forecast used on the air. This was a very fun part of the job. On a normal day without severe weather, this process can take about 2 hours. The bulk of this is spent waiting for the Weather Service products to be issued, and graphics presentations to be rendered. For the 5 and 6 PM newscasts, this is usually done by 4:30. If severe weather is occurring, the Storm Prediction Center is also closely monitored for the latest watches and discussions.

As far as new skills and knowledge gained are concerned, there are two things I would list. First, I got the chance to work with an actual Baron Services television doppler weather radar, with Fastrac software (a.k.a. 4-Warn Live), and, a brand new piece of technology related to it called VIPIR. I have had a lot of experience interpreting doppler weather radar pictures over the years, but this marked my first hands-on exposure to working at an actual doppler workstation. The VIPIR system integrates doppler weather radar data from the National Weather Service, and creates a display for the television doppler. It allows a weathercaster to show 3-dimensional views of storms from all angles as seen by nearby NEXRAD sites. This allows a weathercaster the capability to show live displays of winds inside severe thunderstorms and alert the public to damaging straight line winds, tornadoes, and large hailstones. It allows viewers to see severe storms more clearly than was previously possible.

The second type of new skills and experience I gained was with the chromakey display. In fact, I have a tape containing a mock weathercast, that I can use for audition purposes. All the aforementioned weather information is translated into slides and notes that the weathercaster can use on the air. The slides are presented on a machine called a chromakey display where the weathercaster stands in front of a green wall which is not visible to viewers on the air. The chromakey display is overlayed with the image of the weathercaster pointing to the displayed maps. The maps and charts are also projected on monitors located on either side of the green wall, and in the camera so that the weathercaster can see the display and maintain eye contact with the camera.

Another part of the internís job is to take phone calls when the weathercaster is busy or out of the office. Usually, viewers call in to talk about severe weather, comment on the weathercasterís wardrobe, or just ask weather related questions. Sometimes, people call in to complain about interruptions in programming due to severe weather, but mostly, the callers are just in need of someone to reassure them and to find out what is going on. Also, a weather intern might sometimes be called upon to help answer e-mail and other correspondance. Once, I got to help answer a viewerís question about the rain equivalent of snowfall amounts. Another fun part was helping to do research on things like Daylight Savings Time, and, taking notes at a meeting of the local American Meteorological Society - National Weather Association chapter meeting on tornadoes.

So, how does it all relate to my academic studies? This internship has allowed me the chance to put not only my mass communication, and geography studies, but also my meteorological background to work in a professional setting. It is one thing to take classes, and to do co-curricular work in student radio and television, but to have the opportunity to see what really goes on behind the scenes, and take part in helping create what goes on-air in a professional setting is priceless. This, I would say is the most valuable part of the overall experience for me. What was the least valuable part of the experience for me? Thatís a tough question, I donít really think there was one. There are so many positives with this past 16 weeks itís impossible to try and find one. As I said before, Iíve had a blast! Thanks a million to the News 4 Storm Team, for a great time!

My Journal -

Introduction - For the past 16 weeks, beginning Wednesday January, 26th and ending this past Wednesday, May 3, 2000, I have been working as a student weather intern with KARK-TV News 4. During the internship, my duties have included learning how to draw weather maps on a deadline, shadowing and observing Meteorologists Michelle Leigh and John Champion, answering telephone calls and occasional e-mail, assisting with gathering and analysis of weather data, and assisting with occasional research, as needed, for the 5 and 6 pm weathercasts, and providing other production assistance as needed.

As far as my expectations going into the internship class, I had always hoped and expected to do something related to broadcast meteorology. After applying with KATV, Channel 7, and going through what turned into a nightmarish run around which would only have resulted in a newsroom assignment, a most fortunate turn of events came to pass. My papers were lost in the shuffle at KATV. Well, about a week after I had just about given up on the whole thing, UCA Career Services called me up and told me that Channel 4 had been trying to contact me. I called them back, and within a week, everything was ready to go. During the last few weeks my expectations have been exceeded time and again. What you are about to read is a capsule log of my adventures at Channel 4.

Entry 1 - Wednesday, January 26, 2000. 1:30 - 2:30 p.m. I arrived early and checked in. Met several of the reporters and other staff. Toured the newsroom and set where weather office is located. Everyone here is very friendly, warm, and personable. Michelle Leigh had to cancel due to a promo shoot and an on-coming snowstorm which was due on the 28th. We rescheduled for Wednesday the 2nd of February.

Entry 2 - Wednesday, February 2, 2000. 2:00 - 7:00 p.m. Finally met Michelle Leigh. She is extremely nice. Most of the time is spent discussing weather operations at KARK. My first duties were answering an e-mail, regarding the water equivalency of snowfall amounts and how they are measured. Also began drawing weather maps on paper for Michelle to translate into the Genesis Weather Graphics computer. Watched 5 and 6 p.m. newscasts. All in all a very good start.

Entry 3 - Friday, February 4, 2000. 2:00 - 7:00 p.m. Assisted gathering and analysing numerical weather data from computer models and weather wire. Drew prognostic charts on worksheet for Michelle. Began learning about 4-Warn Live Doppler Weather Radar. Answered several phone calls. Explained to Michelle about Grenwich Mean Time and how it relates to Central Standard Time. We also discussed various aspects of weathercaster certification. Having a blast so far.

Entry 4 - Wednesday, February 9, and Friday, February 11, 2000. 2:00 - 7:00 p.m. Basically continued more of the same duties. Continued to observe, answer phone calls, and assist with basic forecasting work. Also became more familiar with 4-Warn Live Doppler Weather Radar. Whoever said time flies when youíre having fun knew their stuff!

Entry 5 - Wednesday February 16, 2 p.m, - 7 p.m., and Thursday, February 17, 2000. 12:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. Severe Weather looked likely for 2/17. Performed normal duties on Wednesday. Came in on Thursday instead of Friday to assist with possible Severe Weather. When I arrived, Mike Nicco, meteorologist for the Sunrise show, invited me to come in some morning and observe. The National Weather Service Storm Prediction Center(SPC)ís outlooks, and computer model data indicated a late night or morning start on Friday the 18th over Western Arkansas. John Champion also came in to assist Michelle as well. He also went into the models and confirmed our suspicions. I stayed until 8:30 and answered phone calls from viewers who wanted to know when storms would strike.

Entry 6 - Wednesday, 2-23, and, Friday, 2-25, 2000. More severe weather this week. On Wednesday, I arrived at 1 p.m. Although the Storm Prediction Center had the western 2/3ís of Arkansas outlooked for severe weather, the majority of the storms actually fired in the Southeast half of the state. The flow of Severe Thunderstorm Warnings was pretty steady between 2:30 and 4:30 p.m. Around 4:30, John Champion and I watched one storm on 4-Warn Live doppler radar, as it produced a suspicious rotation in Lincoln County. We were both wondering when the National Weather Service would issue a TOR - (Tornado Warning), we continued to watch. In about 10 minutes time, the rotation, called a mesocyclone, developed a well defined hook echo, which looked like a backwards 9. Around 4:45 p.m., North Little Rock weather finally issued a Tornado Warning for Arkansas County. Michelle did a cut-in. The storms moved out and broke up around 5:30. I left around 6:00 p.m. for the day. Total hours for Wednesday, 5.

On Friday, 2-25, I arrived at 1:00 p.m.. Mike Nicco was working on hand creating a Tornado Watch map for the Omni-Alert warning system which had a minor glitch. Fortunately, with the help of Baronís Technical Support, the problem was quickly fixed. Once the watch map was taken care of, Michelle and I kept a watch on things. We mainly checked the Storm Prediction Center website, and National Weather Service websites in Little Rock and Tulsa, as well as the weather wire, and doppler radar and satellite photos. Additionally, Michelle had a few phone calls while she got her show ready. During this time, a few SVRís (Severe Thunderstorm Warnings) came out in Western Arkansas. Next, I helped Michelle prepare a paper map of the Tornado Watch, to go to the Graphics Department for preparation as an ESS graphic for the 5:00 show.

Around 5:30 p.m. a new severe thunderstorm warning was issued for Garland County. During the 6:00 show, I got coffee for Steve Barnes and Betsy Pilgrim. At 6:30 p.m. an SPS - (Special Weather Statement) was issued to cancel the Tornado Watch. I stayed until 7:00 p.m. and got a brief lesson on creating and deleting radar loops for 4-Warn Live.

Entry 7 - Week of March 1 to March 3, 2000. Michelle got sick on 3/1 and I worked with John Champion on 3/2 and 3/3. Continued normal duties on 3/01 and 3/03. Had severe weather threaten on 3/02. On 3/02 I arrived at 1:00 p.m. Scattered severe thunderstorms developed in Oklahoma, Texas, and Louisiana. A cell near Mena showed rotation with a Tornado Warning issued. Numerous severe thunderstorm warnings were issued between 3:00 and 9:00 p.m. when I left. Hours worked this week 19. Semester total to date - 65.

Entry 8 - Week of March 8 and 10, 2000. Normal duties and hours this Wednesday March 8. We began discussing the employment application process, and making a demo tape.

On Friday March 10, a Severe Thunderstorm Watch was in effect for extreme south Arkansas. No problems were reported in Arkansas, although a few warnings were issued in South Central and Southeast Arkansas. Most of the action went to Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Texas. Otherwise, I assisted Michelle as needed. We tentatively scheduled a taping session for the week of March 15, if weather permitted.

Entry 9 - Week of March 15 and 17. Due to unforseen circumstances, taping did not occur this week. This week was primarily spent observing and getting acquainted with VIPIR, a doppler weather radar algorithm that takes incoming National Weather Service NEXRAD doppler weather radar products, and gets them ready to be displayed on the air. On Wednesday, Michelle was getting ready to leave on a much needed break out of town. I worked my normal 5 hours, 1-6 p.m. assisting her as best I could.

On Friday, John Champion and I worked with Jeremy Jewell, a reporesentative of Baron Services, who briefed us on the workings of VIPIR. My first impression with VIPIR is amazement. It was like a kid waiting on Christmas Eve waiting to attack the tree. The only problems were that the system froze from time to time, and, Jewell left no instruction booklet for VIPIR.

Entry 10 - Week of March 23 and March 25. This was the week when I shot my first audition tape at the chromakey. It began on Wednesday with normal duties and observation. I also spent Wednesday briefing Michelle on what I knew about VIPIR. The date was set for Friday March 24, to do a practice tape.

On Friday March 24, I arrived at 2:30 p.m. and observed until the 6:30 hour. At which time the chromakey was readied, the camera shot was established, and I took 66 1/2 minutes of takes. Some good, some bad, and some worse. My nerves were tight. So tight, I couldíve easily given Al Gore stiff lessons. (No pun intended.) The sensation of being on camera was like taking the driven part of the drivers license test with the cop sitting next to me waiting for a screw-up. However, as I went through it, the shear terror slowly evaporated. I was relieved that the first session was over. Now, I could sit down and work on improving techniques and developing my schtick. I finally left around 8:00.

Entry 11 - Week of Wednesday, March 29, and Friday, March 31. On Wednesday, I arrived around 2:00 p.m. This was a day spent observing and allowing my nerves to take a rest. It was also a day spent working severe weather with 4-Warn Live and VIPIR. Severe weather watches and warnings flying regularly for hailstorms in Arkansas. The worst weather was in Texas and Louisiana. About 4:30, I began tracking a tornadic supercell in Northeast Texas which, at first, appeared to be headed towards Texarkana. Rotation was very evident as VIPIR shear markers were numerous. Fortunately, the storm stayed south of the border. I left around 6:30 as the storms calmed down for the night, but not before setting aside time on Friday to view the tape.

On Friday, I arrived around 1:30, and started the day watching the DVC-PRO tape of my chromakey practice. The results werenít as bad as I originally thought, but there were still many miles of room left fot improvement. Eye contact was fine, but I listed what I called my 10 deadly sins, or items for improvement. My other duties included helping Michelle research daylight savings time, as this was the weekend it took affect. I finally left for the day at 6:30 p.m.

Entry 12 - Week of Wednesday April 5, and Friday April 7. On Wednesday, Michelle was getting ready to shoot a promo when I arrived. I observed this and also got a chance to take a look at the VIPIR operatorís manual. Otherwise, I carried on my normal duties from 2-6 p.m. A very routine day, but Friday would be different!

Friday April 7 - Michelle went out of town for a couple of days. This meant I worked with John Champion today. Today would be very interesting for several reasons. To begin with, the day started with the first of 2 severe thunderstorm watches issued around 1:30 when I arrived. To add to the problem, the Storm Warn machine, which generates the watch and warning maps used on the air, had to be reset. As a result, John had to manually redraw the watch map twice. Naturally, he quite understandably was frustrated with this, but we got through the problem quickly. Another problem soon developed. This one was an outage of the NOAA Weather Wire system, which lasted a couple of hours (between 3:30 and 5:30). We first noticed it when a viewer called in to say that none of the tv stations (4, 7, or 11), had warnings displayed. In fact, the viewer reported that the only warnings that were going out were through the Emergency Alert System, on FOX 16 and UPN-38.

The EAS is activated by NOAA Weather Radio warning broadcasts which are carried live over participating stations. We called Renee Fair, Meteorologist In Charge of the National Weather Service in North Little Rock. She told us that there indeed was a problem, and that a backup system was being set-up, namely faxing the warnings to the newsroom. This system did work, but it was agonizingly slow since the newsroom fax machine was busy, and, the forecasters at North Little Rock were also busy. Enter our secondary backup - NOAA Weather Radio, via my pocket scanner.

Not only were the warnings faster, but they were more reliable. By 5:30, the Weather Wire was restored, and the latest warnings were quickly resent. Within the next hour, a new watch was issued further east and south of the original one, as a thin, but active squall line approached. 4-Warn Live and VIPIR continued to show occasional severe hail, and more warnings crossed the wire several times through 6:30 p.m. When I finally left around 7:p.m., the storm hit Little Rock. It brought a nice rainfall, and a beautiful lightning show for the drive home. Thus ending a hectic but fun 5 1/2 hour day.

Entry 13 - Week of Wednesday April 12, and Friday April 14. This Wednesday was rainy but quiet. We confirmed my 2nd taping date for Friday, April 14. I continued my normal duties and observed from 2 - 6 p.m. or for 4 hours. Grand Total 117 1/2 hours. On this Friday, it was taping day. I arrived at 2:00 p.m., prepared maps, and interpreted data as usual until 5:30, when I took a dinner break until 6:00 p.m.. Between 6:30 and 7:45, I taped. This time it was much easier and more comfortable. Even though there was some stumbling, it went much better this time. Michelle asked me to make notes at the AMS-NWA chapter meeting scheduled for Tuesday the 18th. Which I was glad to do.

Entry 14 - Week of Wednesday, April 19 and Friday April 21. Severe Weather was a threat this week of Easter Sunday. Once again Michelle took some comp time off, and I worked with John Champion. I delivered the notes I made for Michelle, and John asked for a copy, which I gladly allowed him to make. I also gave one to Mike Nicco. The day Wednesday was mainly spent assessing the severe weather risk for Good Friday, and Easter Sunday. The hours I worked Wednesday were 2:00 p.m. to 6:30 p.m. or (4 1/2 hours). On Friday, we monitored for severe weather from 1:00 to 6:00 p.m.

Entry 15 - Week of Wednesday April 26, and Friday April 28. Michelle is back. On Wednesday I arrived at 2:00 and reviewed the second taping. The lengths were a minute and a half too-long. Instead of a 3:30 sec. maximum, my best one went 5:02 sec. After making some notes and observations, we scheduled another taping session for Friday the 28th. I left at 5:30.

On Friday, I arrived at 2:00. After going through the maps and normal preparations, we taped at 6:30. This time it went much more smoothly. In fact, we even got the first cut for my demo tape. The only problems with it were that I pointed to the extended outlook, and my head tilted to the left on occasion, but it worked, and it was a start. We scheduled another taping session for Wednesday the 3rd of May, and at 8:30 I left. It was a long 6 and 1/2 hours.

Entry 16 - Wednesday May 3. Arrived at 3:00 p.m. and observed until 5. Took a dinner break at 5:30. Arrived back at 6 and watched the news. Taping started at 6:45 and went to about 7:50. My poise and delivery were good, but the suit didnít want to cooperate. Had to repeatedly adjust my shirt sleeves. Despite all this, we got cut #2, a 3:02 sec cast. We scheduled a taping session for Tuesday May, 9th as I left at 8:30. Total Hours worked this final day was 5.5 hours. For the semester, I worked a total of 148 clock hours. And had a blast doing it! THE END.

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